Fair - Page 2

The evaluation of VicenzaOro September is …





The VicenzaOro September evaluation is positive, assures the organizing company, Ieg ♦ ︎

VicenzaOro September is over, but the evaluation, probably, will be better continue it also in the coming months. Of course, if you read about the vast majority of specialized newspapers, on almost all of the (low) information sites, not to mention the celebrated blogs, that is luxury hobbies paid by the companies that foolishly invest on it, you will always find the copy and paste of the company announcements. Don’t call it information, please. In this specific case, you will find the press release of Italian Exhibition Group, that luckily relied on the skillful and expert skills of Barabino & Partners, the company that also handles communication for VicenzaOro.

VicenzaOro September 2019
VicenzaOro September 2019

This long introduction serves to start the topic. Why do the great European fairs dedicated to jewelery (but the discussion could expand) experience a not very positive moment? Not to mention disastrous if you consider the former industry leader, Baselworld, struggling with an avalanche of cancellations. From this point of view, VicenzaOro is better than its Swiss rival. Better, but certainly not at the levels of the golden years. It would be enough to count the illustrious absentees, from great Maison like Pasquale Bruni or Chimento (now out of play for years), to small companies like Garavelli, to understand how beyond the official communications, often unnecessarily triumphalistic, VicenzaOro also is victim with a certain disaffection.
Gioielli esposti a VicenzaOro. Copyright: gioiellis.com
Gioielli esposti a VicenzaOro. Copyright: gioiellis.com

Let’s be clear: Ieg has nothing to do with it. Indeed, it is necessary to say thath society organizes the event as best as possible. The redesigned spaces, unlike what happened at Baselworld, did not give the idea of ​​a downsizing, which also occurred. And the pinwheel of side events have enriched the VicenzaOro September experience as always. The problem, in fact, is not linked to a managerial deficit. But in the end the true judgment is up to the participating companies, which go to a trade fair for business, not for tourism.
Il booth di Yoko London. Copyright: gioiellis.com
Il booth di Yoko London. Copyright: gioiellis.com

Ieg indicates in “about 1300 brands present” at VicenzaOro September, exactly like last year. Brands, not companies: the number of those who bought a space has been missing for some time.
On the other hand, the 10% growth of foreign operators, from 117 countries in the world, is an indisputable positive factor: a figure, explains Ieg, that is “in line with the already exceptionally positive trend of the last two editions and certifies the capacity of make a team” in the promotion and growth of an increasingly export-oriented sector. However, the real number on which it is based the percentage is missing.
Nel booth di Alessio Boschi. Copyright: gioiellis.com
Nel booth di Alessio Boschi. Copyright: gioiellis.com

Overall, the growth of foreign operators was driven by the Middle East (+ 23%), North America (+ 22%), Russia and Ukraine (+ 19%) and Asia (+ 18%) with a particular increase in Japan (+ 43%). Europe, which remains the largest number of operators in Vicenzaoro (weighing 59%), remained stable with particularly positive signals from Portugal (+ 51%), Romania (+ 28%) and Austria (+ 9%) . During the five days of the event, over 500 buyers were hosted in Vicenza from all over the world, thanks to the support of the Ministry of Economic Development through the Italian Trade Commission for Foreign Trade. Also with regard to Italian operators, no number was communicated.
Ingresso a VicenzaOro. Copyright: gioiellis.com
Ingresso a VicenzaOro. Copyright: gioiellis.com

In VicenzaOro was marked an agreement of IEG with Assocoral, the association of producers of Corals and Cameos, for the enhancement of the Campania district. And an agreement with Afemo, a goldsmith machinery manufacturers’ association, for the promotion of the sector was signed at the opening of VicenzaOro. We should also mention the encore of the T-Evolution area, the technological and innovative soul of the exhibition.
Nel booth di Roberto Demeglio. Copyright: gioiellis.com
Nel booth di Roberto Demeglio. Copyright: gioiellis.com







The think tanks of VicenzaOro




The main events scheduled during the five days of VicenzaOro September ♦ ︎

Saturday 7 September opens VicenzaOro (7-11 September). Here are the main events expected during the five days within the exhibition spaces.

Visio.Next: Summit – Saturday 7 September: the format dedicated to trends in the world of jewelery and jewelery returns, to product innovations, consumption patterns and market trends destined to leave their mark with an edition dedicated to sustainability. International experts, including top influencers, companies and leading industry players, will discuss Spreading Sustainability: the dissemination of practices to ensure sustainability turns out to be – from the constant comparison between operators in the supply chain and trade associations – among the major priorities of the sector. The theme, of strategic importance for the sector, will be the leitmotif of other events including the Cibijo conference of which Ieg (a company that organizes VicenzaOro) is a member.

Read also: VicenzaOro will open for the sustainable

VicenzaOro January 2019
VicenzaOro January 2019

TrendVision Talk – Sunday 8 September: Trendvision Jewelery + Forecasting, Ieg’s first independent Observatory specialized in forecasting in the world of jewelry, organizes for the first time at Vicenzaoro September 2019 an important talk that will focus on the most recent developments in the sector gioielliero. The appointment will in particular offer insights into the latest trends that will influence the world of jewelery through the contributions of leading influencers, journalists and industry experts. The central moment of the event will be the presentation by Paola De Luca, director of Ieg’s Trendvision Observatory, of The Jewelery Trendbook 2021+, now in its 18th edition, which represents the synthesis of studies and research on the international luxury market, on consumer attitudes and future trends to lead the market in the next 18 months.

Cibjo Conference – Monday 9 September: appointment with Cibjo, the World Jewelery Confederation, which, in collaboration with Italian Exhibition Group, will organize the seminar Technological solutions for sustainibility and responsible sourcing in the jewelery industry focused on the environmental and sustainable aspects of jewelery.

VicenzaOro January 2018
VicenzaOro January 2018

Digital Talks – 8-9 September: series of Talks and brainstorming for 30 minutes on the hottest topics of digital innovation dedicated to jewelery and watch retailers in collaboration with Confcommercio Federpreziosi. The Digital Talks will involve industry experts who will tell practical cases related to the world of jewelers and will provide tools that can be quickly applied to the world of detail.

Gem Talk – 8-10 September: the format of the short rotary interventions 30 minutes repeated on the world of stones, thanks to the collaboration of the Italian Gemological Institute. Within the Gem Square, expert gemologists will deal with case histories, offer advice and explore themes on the mysterious and fascinating world of stones, with an eye to the future, technological and ethical.

Uno dei booth di VicenzaOro January
Uno dei booth di VicenzaOro January

VicenzaOro September, interno
VicenzaOro September, interno

VicenzaOro september 2018. Copyright gioiellis.com
VicenzaOro september 2018. Copyright gioiellis.com

Booth di Nanis a VicenzaOro September 2018 ©Gioiellis
Booth di Nanis a VicenzaOro September 2018 ©Gioiellis







GenGèneve’s second chance





GemGèneve includes gems, designers, vintage jewelery, diamonds and … The second edition starts ♦ ︎

Started in 2018 as an adventure on which not many were ready to bet, GemGèneve returns (9-12 May) with more exhibitors and with a series of collateral events that certify its vitality.
For example, Elizabeth Fischer together with Vivienne Becker will address the issue of the relationship between jewelery design and contemporary society. Another meeting is dedicated to Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, explorer, adventurer, merchant and narrator of his wanderings, who helped develop the knowledge of elsewhere in Europe and the taste for precious stones. In short, an articulated and fully organized fair.

GemGenève, insieme di booths
GemGenève, insieme di booths

And so, the idea of ​​two jewelers, Thomas Faerber and Ronny Totah, tired of the Basel formula, could have had an uncertain destiny. Instead it seems a success. The second edition of GemGenève sees the presence of around 200 exhibitors, with a large presence of those who buy and sell precious gems, diamonds, and even vintage jewelry. But not only.
Interesting, for example, the two sections dedicated to emerging designers, with Ena Iro, Horowicz Fine Jewelery, Pierre d’Alexis and Syz Firework, and the Design Vivarium area, with the presence of Alexandra Jefford, Cora Sheibani, Milio, Ming, Mr. Lieou, Nadia Morgenthaler, Ninotchka, Racine Geneva, Sean Gilson, Tatiana Verstraeten, Tenzo. Monica Battistoni





Vetrina a GemGenève
Vetrina a GemGenève

Acquamarina da 130 carati e morganite di Nomads
Acquamarina da 130 carati e morganite di Nomads

GemGenève, vetrina di Dover Jewelry & Diamonds
GemGenève, vetrina di Dover Jewelry & Diamonds

GemGenève, visitatori
GemGenève, visitatori

GemGenève 2018
GemGenève 2018

La vetrina di Robert Procop con i gioielli disegnati da Angelina Jolie
La vetrina di Robert Procop con i gioielli disegnati da Angelina Jolie







Preview of GemGèneve

/





GemGèneve preview in New York: here are the first jewels presented to the media ♦

Countdown to GemGenève, the elite fair which will open on May 9, in Geneva, Switzerland. The event was previewed in New York: a non-random choice, aimed at increasing media interest even overseas.

Collana vittoriana con zaffiri e frange di diamanti
Collana vittoriana con zaffiri e frange di diamanti

GemGèneve is also an opportunity for vintage jewelry lovers. In New York, for example, some pieces were shown at the Geneva event: a Victorian necklace with sapphires and diamond fringes by Gros Diffusion, a double-necked chain with two pendants by the Art Nouveau master , Rene Lalique, dated about 1895, also by Gros Diffusion. Composed of intricate enameled bonds, with a neo-Renaissance flavor, the initials E and M are intertwined on the necklace, and set with amethysts and pearls, the chain, two necklaces, has an aristocratic origin. Originally it belonged to Count Edmond de Pourtales and his wife Melanie de Pourtales.

Pendente con pavé di zaffiri e diamanti di Alexander Laut
Pendente con pavé di zaffiri e diamanti di Alexander Laut

The Art Deco style, and in particular Orientalism, was represented by a magnificent enamelled gold cigarette case, made by the Parisian master of jewelry, Lacloche Frères, around 1925, by the New York retailer, Palais Royal. The scene depicts a Geisha, set in a Japanese landscape, which tells Lacloche’s specialty in creating orientalist-style boxes.

Opera di Lacloche Frères
Opera di Lacloche Frères

Another vintage jewel was shown at the preview by the New York antique jewelry merchant, Pat Saling: a coral beaded sautoir, with a multi-gem center with a lion’s head inspired by the African mask, made by Cartier, London, 1975 for Antonio O. Fernandez, diplomat, businessman and passionate collector. But the preview was even richer: the appointment of GemGèneve promises well, we’ll see.





Collier di René Lalique
Collier di René Lalique

Sautoir con perline di corallo e centro multigemme di Cartier
Sautoir con perline di corallo e centro multigemme di Cartier

Preview a New York: Pat Saling
Preview a New York: Pat Saling

Preview a New York di GemGèeneve
Preview a New York di GemGèeneve

L.J. West Diamonds
L.J. West Diamonds







GemGèneve get 200 exhibitors





The second edition of GemGèneve approaches and touches the 200 exhibitors. Here is the key to success ♦ ︎

Are jewelery fairs seriously ill, or only Baselworld has a big fever? The question bounces from one smartphone to another of the operators. If we consider the outcome of the last edition of Baselworld, that is decreased in a few years from 1600 to about 500 companies present, we could indicate the Swiss event formula the problem to be solved. Especially since, just a few kilometers away, in Geneva, another fair born of the initiative of two Baselworld’s former exhibitors, seems to meet surprising consents.

Il PalaExpo che ospita GenGenève
Il PalaExpo che ospita GenGenève

GemGenève, born last year from the idea of two jewelers, Thomas Faerber and Ronny Totah, displeased of the Basel formula, could have had an uncertain destiny. Instead it seems a success. In fact, the second edition of GemGenève announces around 200 exhibitors. That is a little less than half of Baselworld. Not bad for a fair born from a year and without a consolidated experience in organizing events of this kind.

Gioielli d'epoca a GenGèneve
Gioielli d’epoca a GenGèneve

It should also be noted that GemGenève (9-12 May) is only a month and a half after the closure of Baselworld (26 March) and 15 days before Couture in Las Vegas. Yet it has received support. To increase the specific weight of the appointment, the two founders went to the Jewelery show in Hong Kong to find new participants. Among which there will be, for example, the Albion Art in Tokyo, one of the Japanese fine jewelry houses, or the diamond specialist Dehres. Furthermore, there are many precious gem dealers who have decided to opt for GemGèneve, much less expensive, with simple and no-frills logistics. And some Maison, like Gorgoglione, have decided to be present at both events.

GemGenève 2018
GemGenève 2018

Furthermore, the fair is easy to reach: it takes place practically in the same area as Geneva airport and those arriving by car will find parking in the same building as the exhibition. In short, what is the right formula? Baselworld aims to become an active platform throughout the year, and promises a show, as was the case with fashion shows and jewelery in the midst of exhibitor booths. GemGenève focuses instead on low cost, with a minimal and sober style. The answer at buyers.





Sfilate a Baselworld 2019
Sfilate a Baselworld 2019

Booth di GemGenève
Booth di GemGenève

Gioielli d'epoca a GemGenève
Gioielli d’epoca a GemGenève

Gioielli d'epoca
Gioielli d’epoca a GemGenève 2018

Tormalina water mellon
Tormalina watermellon







Baselworld, the numbers of uncertainty





Baselworld closed with a predictable drop in attendance. But next year it changes and raises. Meanwhile gioiellis.com conducted a survey. The result is… ♦︎

Baselworld: beginning of the end or beginning of a new beginning? Judging by the numbers, the 2019 budget could indicate the first hypothesis. But the words of Michel Loris-Melikoff, director of the fair dedicated to watches and jewelery, point towards the second direction. One thing is certain: the next edition of Baselworld will be decisive. Taking over from Sylvie Ritter, Loris-Melikoff managed a transitional Baselworld in nine months. But the decisive test will be that of 2020.
And it won’t be easy: the survey on the field of gioiellis.com sees disgruntled operators prevail. But even this was predictable.

Baselworld 2019. Copyright gioiellis.com
Baselworld 2019. Copyright gioiellis.com

The numbers of Baselworld

The numbers of Baselworld 2019 are merciless: 520 exhibitors (-20%, and a few years ago were almost 2,000), visitors 81,200 (-22%). A lower decrease, however, for journalists: 3,300 (-12%). It is clear that a further contraction could be the thank-you for a fair that is at a loss, as admitted by the organizing company itself. Also because companies that have been the cornerstones, like the Swatch Group, which has brands like Omega, Longines or Blancpain, have already said that they do not plan to return to Basel. And great jewelery houses like de Grisogono and Pasquale Bruni, have decided to follow other communication strategies.

Visitatori a Baselworld 2019. Copyright gioiellis.com
Visitatori a Baselworld 2019. Copyright gioiellis.com

The world changes

Let’s be clear: the main criticisms of companies to the company that organizes Baselworld, Mch Group, are the high costs associated with the exhibition aspect. But the crisis of the Swiss fair cannot be attributed to this alone. There are aspects that Baselworld is not responsible for: the overwhelming transformation of the economy following digitization, for example. Internet, with websites, e-commerce, Instagram, is a simple way for companies to get in touch with their references, buyers and end customers. Geopolitical tensions, such as the war between the US and China, the Brexit, the wars in the Middle East, do not depend on Baselworld, but affect the strategies of companies, even those of jewelry. In short, the market has changed in just a few years. And we must learn to accept the new reality.

Il booth di Jacob & Co. Copyright-gioiellis.com
Il booth di Jacob & Co. Copyright-gioiellis.com

Melikoff-Megaloff

How will Baselworld react to all this? Loris-Melikoff explained at the final press conference. His is a vision of great breadth, so much so that with a play on words someone started jokingly to call him Megaloff. If he succeeds, though, Loris-Melikoff will have had the merit of reviving an event that has a dangerous high fever.

Michel Loris-Melikoff
Michel Loris-Melikoff

Digital platform

As mentioned, the internet (and gioiellis.com is a perfect testimony), is a great sea in which to fish content, even commercial. This is why management wants to transform Baselworld into a digital communication platform that serves to interact with dealers, collectors and journalists throughout the year. In short, a perennial Baselworld, which is added to the week of the fair. A service, via app, of e-concierge for the week of the fair will also be introduced.

L'area Media a Baselworld 2019
L’area Media a Baselworld 2019

Hall 2 returns

Next year the new layout will be repeated, with the expansion of the catering offer and a wider multimedia center, the stage for presentations and fashion shows, as well as a better hospitality program in agreement with hotels in Basel. Objective: to convince them to lower prices. Not only: Hall 2 will be restored, which remained closed this year. It will also host a section dedicated to smartwatches: a market segment that Baselworld can no longer afford to ignore.

Prices

The most criticized aspect by companies is the excessive cost of booths. Loris-Melikoff promised a 10-20% reduction. In addition, a service will be made available for the construction of the exhibition areas.

Visitatori a Baelworld 2019. Copyright: gioielli.com
Visitatori a Baelworld 2019. Copyright: gioielli.com

Dates

Next year Baselworld will take place from April 30th to May 5th, immediately after the Geneva watch fair: the idea of the two fairs is to team up (Switzerland) and help those who have to make a long journey. But there are no perfect dates, admitted the director of Baselworld, when they pointed out that this period overlaps with the Ramadan of the Muslims.

Baselworld 2019. Copyright: gioiellis.com
Baselworld 2019. Copyright: gioiellis.com

The poll by gioiellis.com

What do the operators of the new Baselworld think in a reduced format? We turned the question to 47 exhibitors from the jewelery world (most preferred to remain anonymous). In short: a mixture of dissatisfaction and frustration prevailed, with so much nostalgia for Baselworld a few years ago. Judgments divided on the fashion shows: many criticized the models’ clothing, which did not enhance the jewels worn.
But not everyone expressed a negative opinion: some brands, like Sutra and Yoko London, to name just two, expressed satisfaction.

Survey result

Total jewelers questioned 47
Very dissatisfied 13
Partially dissatisfied 20
Uncertain judgment 2
Positive judgment 12

Sfilate a Baselworld
Sfilate a Baselworld

Nel booth di Tamara Comolli.  Copyright: gioiellis.com
Nel booth di Tamara Comolli.
Copyright: gioiellis.com

Il booth di Tirisi. Copyright: gioiellis.com
Il booth di Tirisi. Copyright: gioiellis.com







Suzanne Syz at Art Basel






Suzanne Syz brings the jewelry to Art Basel with an amazing project ♦ ︎
That designing jewelry is an art nobody doubts it. But there are those who do more, like the Swiss designer Suzanne Syz, who with the project Magnifying, by Sylvie Fleury, invites contemporary artists to re-imagine the jewelery box as a sculpture. So much so that the idea is part of the Art Basel scheduled in the Swiss city (11-17 June 2018). Sylvie Fleury not only designed a jewelry box, but also created an engaging environment that interacts with the work to create a happening, incorporating the visitor into the work and bringing the project to a new dimension.
According to the artist’s intentions, visitors become jewels themselves by interacting with the installation, sitting on an inflatable brooch-shaped display or looking at themselves in the mirror of a giant clock, while nearby a huge earring turns into sculpture. Suzanne Syz, for its part, also proposes jewels that allude to the period of Pop Art, makes use of enamel to create hyper realistic earrings, bends the titanium into small sculptures with diamonds, very appreciated by those who love design. And the art, of course. Giulia Netrese





Suzanne Syz, orecchini in titanio, smalto, tormalina verde
Suzanne Syz, orecchini in titanio, smalto, tormalina verde

Orecchini in titanio rosa e diamanti
Orecchini in titanio rosa e diamanti
Orecchini Lily of the Valley, in titanio con perle, diamanti
Orecchini Lily of the Valley, in titanio con perle, diamanti
Gemelli da polso in titanio blu e diamanti
Gemelli da polso in titanio blu e diamanti
Anello con bronzo, rubellite, diamanti fancy pink light
Anello con bronzo, rubellite, diamanti fancy pink light
Anello Green Lady in oro rosa con tormalina verde, zaffiri rosa
Anello Green Lady in oro rosa con tormalina verde, zaffiri rosa

Anello in titanio, con zaffiro birmano cabochon di 43,40 carati
Anello in titanio, con zaffiro birmano cabochon di 43,40 carati







Baselworld reduces exhibitors




Baselworld changes: halves number of exhibitors (600-700) and more innovation ♦ ︎
This news is of interest to all the jewelers and enthusiasts who migrate every year to Switzerland to follow Baselworld, the world’s largest and most prestigious fair for jewelery and watchmaking. It changes. In essence, it notes that the market changes and adjusts. (Also read: A big farewell to Baselworld).
MCH Swiss Exhibition, the company that organizes the Basel fair event, says that “the watch and jewelery market is undergoing a period of profound transformation, first and foremost through the growing market consolidation in terms of production and marketing, but even through the challenges and opportunities of digital technology.” In response to this development, Baselworld 2018 will “in a more dense and more concentrated form in different aspects.” Duration will be reduced to six days. “The number of exhibiting companies will be between 600 and 700,” says Basel. The decision greatly reduces the number of companies: this year, there were 1,300 exhibitors from 45 countries on 140,000 square meters. And the number has already been reduced by more than 13% over the previous year. “The fair is not based on quantity, but will remain the main event for the world’s first brands. This is in all segments” the Swiss company reiterated, calling for the opinion of some top-brands.
According to MCH Swiss Exhibition, Karl-Friedrich Scheufele, co-chair of Chopard, says that “Baselworld 2018 will be more coherent and more focused. I look forward to participating in the 2018 event and I think Baselworld’s decision has taken the right direction to start the change. “For Eric Bertrand, Chairman of the Baselworld Exhibitors Committee, are “the first steps in a very advanced future.”
The company also states that “to continue to meet the needs of the industry, all efforts will be made to develop the traditional trade fair in an extensive marketing and communication platform. From 2018 new forms of digital communication will be offered in real time. At the same time, conceptual approaches for future editions are already developing.” Words that suggest 2018 it’s a transition year for a new concept of fair. Monica Battistoni





Interno a Baselworld
Interno a Baselworld

Jacob & Co a Baselworld
Jacob & Co a Baselworld
L'ingresso della Messe
L’ingresso della Messe
Stand Crivelli
Stand Crivelli
Bracciali Fope
Bracciali Fope

Sempre secondo quanto comunica MCH Swiss Exhibition, Karl-Friedrich Scheufele, co-presidente di Chopard, sottolinea che «Baselworld 2018 sarà più coerente e più concentrato. Non vedo l’ora di partecipare all’evento del 2018 e penso che la decisione di Baselworld abbia preso la direzione giusta per avviare il cambiamento». Per Eric Bertrand, presidente del Comitato Espositori Baselworld, sono «i primi passi in un futuro molto avanzato».

L’azienda fa sapere anche che «per continuare a soddisfare le esigenze del settore, saranno perseguiti tutti gli sforzi per sviluppare la fiera commerciale tradizionale in una piattaforma di marketing e comunicazione estesa. Dal 2018 saranno offerte nuove forme di comunicazione digitale in tempo reale. Allo stesso tempo, si stanno già sviluppando approcci concettuali per le future edizioni». Parole che fanno supporre per il 2018 un anno di transizione, in vista di un nuovo concept. Monica Battistoni







Hong Kong capital of the jewel

There will be interesting news to Hong Kong Jewellery & Gem Fair 2015? The fair in autumn edition (16 to 22 September) opens. But after the difficult times for the shocks of the stock market and the devaluation of the chinese currency, the yuan, in August. That said, Hong Kong remains one of the most important trading hub in the world and a center for the production of jewelry and gemstones. And are many Italian jewelers that go at this appointment, as the consolidated as Garavelli and Picchiotti or emerging as Alessio Boschi. According to consulting firm Deloitte Touche Totmatsu, China and Hong Kong were the leaders in the growth of luxury sales in 2013, an increase of 33.4 percent. In addition, China has registered an increase of 10.7 percent of retail sales of gold, silver and jewels in May, according to the latest data from the National Bureau of Statistics of China. In short, the rich have not disappeared, despite the uncertainties on economic growth. The Fair in September in Hong Kong, on the other hand, is a traditional event is now in its 33th edition and continues to enjoy the confidence of the industry. Shoppers can find just about anything in terms of design and materials, from simple pieces of silver to luxurious creations with diamonds and precious stones. In spite of the fears of the crisis, this edition is bigger, with the addition of more exhibitors: 3,700 from 50 countries and regions and more than 135 thousand square meters of exhibition space. The 60 thousand visitors are expected. There will be events, including a interesting auction of pearls. But exhibitors hope also that an especially that event is not repeated: in June edition, in the fair they were 17 reported thefts worth almost 1 million euro. Federico Graglia

Modella a Hong Kong
Modella a Hong Kong
Sfilata di gioielli a Hong Kong
Sfilata di gioielli a Hong Kong
La skyline di Kong Kong
La skyline di Kong Kong